泰國商業部長:中泰經濟合作潛力巨大

新華社曼谷2月28日電(記者楊舟 明大軍)泰國商業部長頌提拉28日在一場研討會上致辭時表示,中國的“一帶一路”建設、數字經濟以及旅遊業發展給泰國帶來了機遇,兩國經濟發展互補性強,雙方經濟領域合作潛力巨大。

頌提拉在泰中記者協會主辦的“2018年泰中發展趨勢”研討會上説,“一帶一路”建設強調實現互聯互通,這給泰國帶來了機遇。例如中泰鐵路合作項目就有利于把泰國和周邊地區國家連接起來,從而成為“一帶一路”交通網絡的一部分。

頌提拉説,中泰雙方在戰略上具有一致性,兩國分別提出了“中國制造2025”和泰國4.0發展戰略,強調了創新和數字化轉型。而在減貧脫貧上,兩國也可以開展廣泛合作。

此外,中國電子商務發展也給泰國農産品帶來了前所未有的機遇。頌提拉説,為把泰國打造成水果大國,政府鼓勵阿裏巴巴等中國電商與泰國加強合作,幫助解決農産品的供應和銷售問題。

頌提拉還表示,近年來,每年近千萬人次的中國遊客也給泰國旅遊業等相關行業帶來發展機會,相信未來兩國在經濟領域的深入合作將會更多。

 

原文: xinhuanet.com

「一帶一路」重點項目中泰鐵路今動工 李克強稱鐵路推進兩國共贏

中國鐵路、高鐵的發展近年堅持「走出去」的方針,當中作為「一帶一路」戰略項目之一的中泰鐵路於今日(21日)動工。 中國國務院總理李克強今日亦有致信祝賀,而泰國總理巴育則出席了工程的開工儀式並致辭。

 

工程設計、施工和監理均由中國負責

中泰鐵路合作項目是泰國首條「標準軌高速鐵路」,連接中國、泰國、老撾,全長867公里。而於今日動工的一期工程主要連接首都曼谷與東北部呵叻府,全長253公里,設計列車通過的最高時速為每小時250公里。整個工程均由中國負責設計、施工和監理。待全線貫通後,中國民眾未來將可從雲南昆明搭火車直達曼谷。據悉,這項工程將會進一步提升泰國在中南半島交通樞紐地位,為經濟發展注入活力,並讓鐵路沿線各國地區經濟可以共同發展。

 

李克強致賀信:中泰一家親

而中國國務院總理李克強在賀信中表示,中泰鐵路合作項目是雙方共建「一帶一路」、開展産能合作的旗艦項目,體現了共商、共建、共享的精神,是互利雙贏,將有效提升泰國和本地區的基礎設施建設和互聯互通水平,促進泰國經濟可持續發展,帶動地區發展繁榮和民生改善。他希望雙方繼續保持密切合作,高質量地完成中泰鐵路合作項目一期工程建設,扎實推進項目二期相關工作,爭取早日實現中泰鐵路和中老鐵路的互聯互通,促進沿線國家經貿交流和人員往來,也可實現互利多贏。李克強表示中泰一家親,中國作為泰國的友好鄰邦,高度重視發展中泰友好關係。他又指中方願同泰方共同努力,加強發展戰略對接,以中泰鐵路合作項目為新平台,持續推進兩國互利共贏的務實合作,推動中泰全面戰略合作夥伴關係取得更大發展,為兩國人民帶來更多福祉。而泰國總理巴育在開工儀式上則表示,建設這條鐵路符合「一帶一路」倡議,將給沿線發展帶來更多機遇。他此前也曾多次表示,中泰鐵路並非只連接中泰,還會讓泰國通過中國的鐵路連接世界。

李克強對中泰鐵路動工致賀信。(新華社)

 

中泰鐵路路線示意圖。(網絡圖片)

 

Source︰HK01

泰國喪期將結束 景氣加溫

隨著已故泰王蒲美蓬26日火化,迄今一年的國喪期也將於本月底結束,專家看好壓抑許久的民間消費需求有望回升,為即將創五年來最快成長速度的泰國經濟增添柴火。

蒲美蓬去年10月13日駕崩後,泰國曾頒布30天限娛令,停止大型娛樂慶祝活動。儘管禁令解除後,全國也仍沉浸在哀悼氣氛中,衝擊零售業買氣。泰國央行資料顯示,民間消費今年來平均成長2.5%,低於去年的3.5%增幅。

如今零售業者正盼望國喪期29日結束後,消費者支出能回升。

服飾業者Rich Sport公司執行長帕皮奇表示:「幾乎所有零售業者都看好在10月後消費者支出將恢復。目前對零售業是個不景氣的環境,尤其是服飾商。除黑、藍色以外,其他顏色衣服都很難賣。」泰國規定公務員在國喪期結束前都得穿黑色衣物。

不過在國喪期間,泰國的出口和觀光已恢復活力,成為推動經濟回升的兩股重要力量。泰國央行預期今年GDP成長3.8%,為五年來最快成長步調,但表現仍不如越南、馬來西亞與印尼等鄰國,專家指望為泰國貢獻近半數經濟產值的消費者支出進一步提升成長力道。

然而高家庭債務是可能阻礙消費大幅成長的因素之一。世銀資料顯示,泰國國內民間信貸規模已相當於國內生產毛額(GDP)的140%,遠高於五年前的約70%。

野村控股駐新加坡經濟學家帕拉庫勒斯說:「長達一年的喪期結束後,可望釋放一些被壓抑的需求。但一些強勁的結構性力量仍發揮影響,尤其是持續中的家庭去槓桿化。」

Source

世界銀行: 泰國經濟將於2017年增長3.2%

Reforming the Service Sector can further drive growth

 

BANGKOK, December 19, 2016 – Thailand’s economy is expected to grow at 3.1 percent in 2016 and 3.2 percent in 2017, up from 2.8 percent last year, according to the 2016 Thailand Economic Monitor released today by the World Bank.

The key drivers of growth remain private consumption and public investments, such as the dual rail track and rail upgrading projects, the report says. Tourism growth has been strong in 2016, with the number of tourist arrivals, mostly from China, increasing by 13.1 percent in the third quarter.

In the fourth quarter, a temporary slowdown and the postponement of economic activities during the period of mourning after the passing of His Majesty King Bhumibol Adulyadej in October are expected to be offset in part by holiday tax breaks on shopping and domestic tourism at the end of the year.

To remain competitive, Thailand has to embark on extensive reform of the economy to lay down a future for the country in areas such as infrastructure and advanced manufacturing,” said Kobsak Pootrakool, Vice Minister for the Office of the Prime Minister. “At the same time, ensuring that the grassroots can reap the benefits of development.”

As the aging of Thailand’s working-age population begins to affect its economy in the next five years, it will be increasingly important for Thailand to harness new engines of growth, in particular the service sector, to take the country from upper-middle to high-income levels, according to the report.

“Thailand’s economy is on track to recovery, and further strengthening the service sector will help create new and better jobs, higher incomes and more opportunities for Thai people,” said Ulrich Zachau, the World Bank Country Director for Southeast Asia.“Liberalizing services and ensuring all Thai people have access to quality education to acquire skills for work in a modern economy will be key to raising productivity in the service sector and to a continued acceleration of economic growth in Thailand.”

The service sector is 30 percent less productive than manufacturing in Thailand, according to the new Thailand Economic Monitor. Services account for 50 percent of gross domestic product and employ 40 percent of the workforce. In comparison, the manufacturing sector employs 15 percent of the workforce and produces as much as 35 percent of GDP.

“The combination of private sector initiatives and government support has led to successes in the service sector in many ASEAN countries,” said Kiatipong Ariyapruchya, World Bank Senior Economist for Thailand. “Thailand’s continued commitment to structural reforms can unleash the potential of the service sector and lift Thailand’s long-term growth path to above 4 percent.

Thailand has generally more restricted service sector markets than its peers in the Association of Southeast Asian Nations. Some services are more protected from foreign and domestic competition, such as education and health facilities, which are required to be majority Thai-owned.

The World Bank report notes that liberalizing, or opening up, professional services can help increase efficiency, productivity, and quality in the service sector, for the benefit of Thai consumers.  Thailand can strengthen its service sector by providing a supportive regulatory environment for doing business, fostering competition and deepening trade integration with the ASEAN Economic Community.

Source: World Bank